Ukrainian refugees need a work permit. However, they can already obtain this when they apply for a residence permit. They then receive a so-called fictitious certificate, which enables them to take up work immediately. A fictitious certificate enables dependent or self-employed gainful employment, even if the decision on the residence title has not yet been made.
IMPORTANT: As long as Ukrainians are in Germany without a visa or with a visitor visa, they are not yet allowed to work! Taking up training is equivalent to being allowed to work.
Ukrainian nationals who have been expelled from Ukraine since 24 February 2022 as a result of the military invasion by Russia do not have to go through an asylum procedure. People from Ukraine who have entered Germany without a visa can currently obtain a residence permit in accordance with §24 of the Residence Act (granting of residence for temporary protection). They can apply for this residence permit at the foreigners authority of their place of residence or stay without having been granted a visa outside Germany beforehand.
The residence permit is applied for at the foreigners authority where the refugee lives or is registered and is valid for 2 years and can be extended up to 3 years if necessary. On the homepage of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, you can find the responsible foreigners authority by entering your place of residence.
If a residence permit according to § 24 has been applied for at the Aliens' Registration Office, the latter issues a so-called fictitious certificate. With the receipt of a fictitious certificate, dependent or self-employed gainful employment is possible immediately, even if the decision on the residence title has not yet been made.
Important: As long as Ukrainians are in Germany without a visa or with a visitor visa, they are not yet allowed to work!
Note: Taking up training is equivalent to being allowed to work.
As a rule, those affected are subject to a residence requirement, i.e. a move to another federal state or another city/municipality is only possible for the following reasons:
The employment must comprise at least 15 hours per week and a certain income. Further information can be found on the following pages:
The "Netzwerk Unternehmen integrieren Flüchtlinge" (Businesses Integrate Refugees Network) has created a checklist that shows how the employment of refugees from Ukraine can succeed. From registration with the relevant foreigners authority to onboarding in the company and at the place of residence.
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